Home Travel Destinations Jharkhand Betla (Palamau) National Park

Betla (Palamau) National Park

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Situated in the land of the palas Butea monospermas, and mahua Madhuca indica, thus earning its name, the Palamau Tiger Reserve lies in the state of Jharkhand. The forest is spread from the edge of Netarhat hill range in the south to the Auranga river in the north and from Madhya Pradesh in the west to Latehar-Sarju road in the east. The Palamau Tiger Reserve incorporates the Betla National Park and is most renowned for the tiger and elephant.

  • Plan your trip
  • Wild life
  • Habitat
  • Places to see
  • Useful Tips
  • History

Best time to visit

Although the park is open throughout the year, it would be best to avoid the rainy season.


By Air: Ranchi is the closest airport and is situated approximately 140 km. away.

By Rail: Daltongunj is the closest known railway station. Ranchi and Gaya are connected to Delhi and Kolkatta respectively.

By Road: Regular buses run by the state government as well as private firms connect to the sanctuary.


Accommodation facilities have been made available at Betla. Three star hotels as well as simple log huts, tree houses and tourist lodges are available. The unique tree houses overlook a waterhole, ensuring a unique experience to all those who are willing to spend a few nights in a basic setup.

The animal species that are found in the region include the magnificent elephant, the panther, wild boar, gaur, dhole, pangolin, four-horned antelope, the Indian ratel, chital and barking deer and mouse deer and birds such as the peafowl are a common sight.

The 231.67 sq. km reserve has an undulating terrain is marked with important hills like the Murhu, Netarhat, Huluk and Gulgul, which is the highest. The majestic sal, covers the valleys and hills of this reserve. Several waterfalls such as the Mirchaia Water Fall and the Lodh Water Fall and the hot water spring like the Tataha Pani mark the luxuriant landscape. Sal dominates the dry and deciduous region of the dry deciduous forests towards the southern side of the forests whereas pure patches of Bel Aegle marmelos are found in the northern part of the reserve. The Khair tree Acacia catechu is traditionally used for the extraction of Katha, is commonly seen here.

If your trip is well planned don’t miss out on the Hazaribagh National Park, though smaller in size, is a rich ecosystem. Netarhat, referred to as the 'Queen of Chotanagpur' is a good get away for wildlifers as well as leisure-travellers.

The area is crime-infested and only group travel is recommended.

Useful Contacts

Field Director, Palamau Tiger Reserve, P.O. Daltonganj Dist., Palamau – 822101. Tel.: 06562-222650; Fax: 06562- 222650; E-mail: root@fdptr.b.nic.in


Before the Palamau Tiger Reserve was declared a Tiger Reserve, poaching and overgrazing was common. The present area of the reserve got duly constituted either as Protected Forest or Reserved Forest under the Indian Forest Act, 1927 way back in 1947. It was in 1973, that Palamau was declared as a Sanctuary, making it one of the first nine sanctuaries to be declared in the subcontinent.

Palamau holds the distinction of being the first sanctuary in the world in which a tiger census was carried out as a pug mark count, as early as 1932 under the supervision of J.W. Nicholson, the then DFO, Palamau. The villagers within Palamau Tiger Reserve are predominantly tribal. They belong to ethnic groups like Munda, Kherwar, Chero, Kisan and Birjia. These tribals traditionally led a nomadic life and in harmony with the wildlife and natural resources of Palamau. But with the destruction of surrounding forests, many of these tribes are on the verge of extinction.


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